PHP判断来访是搜索引擎蜘蛛还是普通用户的代码

lazytiger 发布于1年前 阅读12364次
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1、推荐的一种方法:php判断搜索引擎蜘蛛爬虫还是人为访问代码,摘自Discuz x3.2

<?php
function checkrobot($useragent=''){
    static $kw_spiders = array('bot', 'crawl', 'spider' ,'slurp', 'sohu-search', 'lycos', 'robozilla');
    static $kw_browsers = array('msie', 'netscape', 'opera', 'konqueror', 'mozilla');

    $useragent = strtolower(empty($useragent) ? $_SERVER['HTTP_USER_AGENT'] : $useragent);
    if(strpos($useragent, 'http://') === false && dstrpos($useragent, $kw_browsers)) return false;
    if(dstrpos($useragent, $kw_spiders)) return true;
    return false;
}
function dstrpos($string, $arr, $returnvalue = false) {
    if(empty($string)) return false;
    foreach((array)$arr as $v) {
        if(strpos($string, $v) !== false) {
            $return = $returnvalue ? $v : true;
            return $return;
        }
    }
    return false;
}
if(checkrobot()){
    echo '机器人爬虫';
}else{
    echo '人';
}
?>


实际应用中可以这样判断,直接不是搜索引擎才执行操作

<?php
if(!checkrobot()){
//do something
}
?>


2、第二种方法:
使用PHP实现蜘蛛访问日志统计

$useragent = addslashes(strtolower($_SERVER['HTTP_USER_AGENT']));

if (strpos($useragent, 'googlebot')!== false){$bot = 'Google';}
elseif (strpos($useragent,'mediapartners-google') !== false){$bot = 'Google Adsense';}
elseif (strpos($useragent,'baiduspider') !== false){$bot = 'Baidu';}
elseif (strpos($useragent,'sogou spider') !== false){$bot = 'Sogou';}
elseif (strpos($useragent,'sogou web') !== false){$bot = 'Sogou web';}
elseif (strpos($useragent,'sosospider') !== false){$bot = 'SOSO';}
elseif (strpos($useragent,'360spider') !== false){$bot = '360Spider';}
elseif (strpos($useragent,'yahoo') !== false){$bot = 'Yahoo';}
elseif (strpos($useragent,'msn') !== false){$bot = 'MSN';}
elseif (strpos($useragent,'msnbot') !== false){$bot = 'msnbot';}
elseif (strpos($useragent,'sohu') !== false){$bot = 'Sohu';}
elseif (strpos($useragent,'yodaoBot') !== false){$bot = 'Yodao';}
elseif (strpos($useragent,'twiceler') !== false){$bot = 'Twiceler';}
elseif (strpos($useragent,'ia_archiver') !== false){$bot = 'Alexa_';}
elseif (strpos($useragent,'iaarchiver') !== false){$bot = 'Alexa';}
elseif (strpos($useragent,'slurp') !== false){$bot = '雅虎';}
elseif (strpos($useragent,'bot') !== false){$bot = '其它蜘蛛';}
if(isset($bot)){
   $fp = @fopen('bot.txt','a');
   fwrite($fp,date('Y-m-d H:i:s')."\t".$_SERVER["REMOTE_ADDR"]."\t".$bot."\t".'http://'.$_SERVER['SERVER_NAME'].$_SERVER["REQUEST_URI"]."\r\n");
   fclose($fp);
}


第三种方法:
我们可以通过HTTP_USER_AGENT来判断是否是蜘蛛,搜索引擎的蜘蛛都有自己的独特标志,下面列取了一部分。

function is_crawler() {
  $userAgent = strtolower($_SERVER['HTTP_USER_AGENT']);
  $spiders = array(
    'Googlebot', // Google 爬虫
    'Baiduspider', // 百度爬虫
    'Yahoo! Slurp', // 雅虎爬虫
    'YodaoBot', // 有道爬虫
    'msnbot' // Bing爬虫
    // 更多爬虫关键字
  );
  foreach ($spiders as $spider) {
    $spider = strtolower($spider);
    if (strpos($userAgent, $spider) !== false) {
      return true;
    }
  }
  return false;
}


下面的php代码附带了更多的蜘蛛标识

function isCrawler() {
    echo $agent= strtolower($_SERVER['HTTP_USER_AGENT']);
    if (!empty($agent)) {
        $spiderSite= array(
            "TencentTraveler",
            "Baiduspider+",
            "BaiduGame",
            "Googlebot",
            "msnbot",
            "Sosospider+",
            "Sogou web spider",
            "ia_archiver",
            "Yahoo! Slurp",
            "YoudaoBot",
            "Yahoo Slurp",
            "MSNBot",
            "Java (Often spam bot)",
            "BaiDuSpider",
            "Voila",
            "Yandex bot",
            "BSpider",
            "twiceler",
            "Sogou Spider",
            "Speedy Spider",
            "Google AdSense",
            "Heritrix",
            "Python-urllib",
            "Alexa (IA Archiver)",
            "Ask",
            "Exabot",
            "Custo",
            "OutfoxBot/YodaoBot",
            "yacy",
            "SurveyBot",
            "legs",
            "lwp-trivial",
            "Nutch",
            "StackRambler",
            "The web archive (IA Archiver)",
            "Perl tool",
            "MJ12bot",
            "Netcraft",
            "MSIECrawler",
            "WGet tools",
            "larbin",
            "Fish search",
        );
        foreach($spiderSite as $val) {
            $str = strtolower($val);
            if (strpos($agent, $str) !== false) {
                return true;
            }
        }
    } else {
        return false;
    }
}
if (isCrawler()){
    echo "你好蜘蛛精!";
}
else{
   echo "你不是蜘蛛精啊!";
}


第四种方法:

<?php
$flag = false;
$tmp = $_SERVER['HTTP_USER_AGENT'];
if(strpos($tmp, 'Googlebot') !== false){
  $flag = true;
} else if(strpos($tmp, 'Baiduspider') >0){
  $flag = true;
} else if(strpos($tmp, 'Yahoo! Slurp') !== false){
  $flag = true;
} else if(strpos($tmp, 'msnbot') !== false){
  $flag = true;
} else if(strpos($tmp, 'Sosospider') !== false){
  $flag = true;
} else if(strpos($tmp, 'YodaoBot') !== false || strpos($tmp, 'OutfoxBot') !== false){
  $flag = true;
} else if(strpos($tmp, 'Sogou web spider') !== false || strpos($tmp, 'Sogou Orion spider') !== false){
  $flag = true;
} else if(strpos($tmp, 'fast-webcrawler') !== false){
  $flag = true;
} else if(strpos($tmp, 'Gaisbot') !== false){
  $flag = true;
} else if(strpos($tmp, 'ia_archiver') !== false){
  $flag = true;
} else if(strpos($tmp, 'altavista') !== false){
  $flag = true;
} else if(strpos($tmp, 'lycos_spider') !== false){
  $flag = true;
} else if(strpos($tmp, 'Inktomi slurp') !== false){
  $flag = true;
}
if($flag == false){
  header("Location: http://www.qingpingshan.com" . $_SERVER['REQUEST_URI']);
  // 自动转到http://www.qingpingshan.com 对应的网页
  // $_SERVER['REQUEST_URI'] 为域名后面的路径
  // 或换成header("Location: http://www.qingpingshan.com/abc/d.php");
  exit();
}
?>
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