Security Update 17/01/2018: All current LinuxKit
x86_64 kernels have KPTI/KAISER enabled by default. This protects against Meltdown. Defences against Spectre are work in progress upstream and some have been incorporated into 4.14.14/4.9.77 onwards but work is still ongoing. The kernels 4.14.14/4.9.77 onwards also include various eBPF and KVM fixes to mitigate some aspects of Spectre. The
arm64 kernels are not yet fixed. See Greg KH's excellent blogpost and this LWN.net article for details.
If you run LinuxKit kernels on x86 baremetal we also strongly recommend to add
ucode: intel-ucode.cpio to the kernel section of your YAML if you are using Intel CPUs and
linuxkit/firmware:<hash> if you are using AMD CPUs.
LinuxKit, a toolkit for building custom minimal, immutable Linux distributions.
- Secure defaults without compromising usability
- Everything is replaceable and customisable
- Immutable infrastructure applied to building Linux distributions
- Completely stateless, but persistent storage can be attached
- Easy tooling, with easy iteration
- Built with containers, for running containers
- Designed for building and running clustered applications, including but not limited to container orchestration such as Docker or Kubernetes
- Designed from the experience of building Docker Editions, but redesigned as a general-purpose toolkit
- Designed to be managed by external tooling, such as Infrakit or similar tools
- Includes a set of longer-term collaborative projects in various stages of development to innovate on kernel and userspace changes, particularly around security
- LinuxKit kubernetes aims to build minimal and immutable Kubernetes images. (previously
projects/kubernetesin this repository).
LinuxKit uses the
linuxkit tool for building, pushing and running VM images.
Simple build instructions: use
make to build. This will build the tool in
bin/. Add this to your
PATH or copy it to somewhere in your
sudo cp bin/* /usr/local/bin/. Or you can use
sudo make install.
If you already have
go installed you can use
go get -u github.com/linuxkit/linuxkit/src/cmd/linuxkit to install the
On MacOS there is a
brew tap available. Detailed instructions are at linuxkit/homebrew-linuxkit, the short summary is
brew tap linuxkit/linuxkit brew install --HEAD linuxkit
Build requirements from source:
Once you have built the tool, use
linuxkit build linuxkit.yml
to build the example configuration. You can also specify different output formats, eg
linuxkit build -format raw-bios linuxkit.yml to output a raw BIOS bootable disk image, or
linuxkit build -format iso-efi linuxkit.yml to output an EFI bootable ISO image. See
linuxkit build -help for more information.
Booting and Testing
You can use
linuxkit run <name> or
linuxkit run <name>.<format> to execute the image you created with
linuxkit build <name>.yml. This will use a suitable backend for your platform or you can choose one, for example VMWare. See
linuxkit run --help.
Currently supported platforms are:
- Local hypervisors
- Cloud based platforms:
Running the Tests
The test suite uses
rtf To install this you should use
make bin/rtf && make install. You will also need to install
expect on your system as some tests use it.
To run the test suite:
cd test rtf -x run
This will run the tests and put the results in a the
Run control is handled using labels and with pattern matching. To run add a label you may use:
rtf -x -l slow run
To run tests that match the pattern
linuxkit.examples you would use the following command:
rtf -x run linuxkit.examples
Building your own customised image
To customise, copy or modify the
linuxkit.yml to your own
file.yml or use one of the examples and then run
linuxkit build file.yml to generate its specified output. You can run the output with
linuxkit run file.
The yaml file specifies a kernel and base init system, a set of containers that are built into the generated image and started at boot time. You can specify the type of artifact to build with the
moby tool eg
linuxkit build -format vhd linuxkit.yml.
If you want to build your own packages, see this document.
The yaml format specifies the image to be built:
kernelspecifies a kernel Docker image, containing a kernel and a filesystem tarball, eg containing modules. The example kernels are built from
initis the base
initprocess Docker image, which is unpacked as the base system, containing
runcand a few tools. Built from
onbootare the system containers, executed sequentially in order. They should terminate quickly when done.
servicesis the system services, which normally run for the whole time the system is up
filesare additional files to add to the image
For a more detailed overview of the options see yaml documentation
Architecture and security
There is an overview of the architecture covering how the system works.
There is an overview of the security considerations and direction covering the security design of the system.
This project was extensively reworked from the code we are shipping in Docker Editions, and the result is not yet production quality. The plan is to return to production quality during Q3 2017, and rebase the Docker Editions on this open source project during this quarter. We plan to start making stable releases on this timescale.
This is an open project without fixed judgements, open to the community to set the direction. The guiding principles are:
- Security informs design
- Infrastructure as code: immutable, manageable with code
- Sensible, secure, and well-tested defaults
- An open, pluggable platform for diverse use cases
- Easy to use and participate in the project
- Built with containers, for portability and reproducibility
- Run with system containers, for isolation and extensibility
- A base for robust products
There are weekly development reports summarizing work carried out in the week.
Released under the Apache 2.0 license.